Period Drama Dictionary


The aristocracy are people considered to be in the highest social class in a society which once had a political system of Aristocracy. Aristocrats possess hereditary titles granted by a monarch, which once granted them feudal or legal privileges, or deriving, as in Ancient Greece and India, from a military caste. They are usually below only the monarch of a country in the social hierarchy. The term “aristocracy” is derived from the Greek language aristokratia, meaning ‘the rule of the best’.



Barmkin and Keep at Castle Doe Scottish 15th C.

A battlement or battlemented wall;

a wall of defense

Beau Monde (The ton)


The terms Beau Monde (French for “beautiful world”) and polite society have been interchangeable with le bon ton during different periods (see ton)

Bolt-hole or Bolthole

Bolt-holeA place of escape for refuge. A chased rabbit may bolt into a hole for refuge. In period drama, it usually means an escape route from within a castle. A hidden tunnel behind a large picture or hung tapestry, perhaps. An escape route not easily discovered by the invading warriors.

Clerestory / Lantern

clerestory_lanternClerestory (pronounced /kleer-stawr-ee,/; lit. clear storey, also clearstory, clearstorey, or overstorey) is an architectural term. A portion of an interior clerestoryrising above adjacent rooftops and having windows admitting daylight to the interior. Usually only afforded by the highest of nobility ranks.




An immoral woman, prostitute, mistress, whore







a ruffle or flounce, as on a woman’s skirt or petticoat,

or used as trim for hats



1. a wardrobe or the garderobe1contents of a wardrobe
2. a bedroom or private room
3 .a privy, a latrine






jarveyA Hackney Coachman or a Hackney Coach
[C19: from Jarvey, familiar form of personal nameJarvis]




A knight is a member of the warrior class of the Middle Ages in Europe who followed a code

of law called “chivalry”. In other Indo-European languages, cognates of cavalier or rider are more prevalent (e.g., French chevalier and German Knight on horseRitter), suggesting a connection to the knight’s mode of transport. Since antiquity a position of honour and prestige has been held by mounted warriors such as the Greek hippeus and the Roman eques, and knighthood in the Middle Ages was inextricably linked with horsemanship.

Some orders of knighthood, such as the Knights Templar, have themselves become the object of legend; others have disappeared into obscurity. Today, a number of orders of knighthood continue to exist in several countries, such as the English Order of the Garter, the Swedish Royal Order of the Seraphim, and the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav. Each of these orders has its own criteria for eligibility, but knighthood is generally granted by a head of state to selected persons to recognize some meritorious achievement.


Mounting Blockmounting_block

A mounting block, horse block, or in Scots a loupin’-on-stane is an assistance for mounting and dismounting a horse or cart, especially for the young, elderly or infirm. They were especially useful for women riding sidesaddle, allowing a horse to be mounted without a loss of modesty.


Noblesse Oblige

Nobility Obliges – such as a Duke working along side his farm tenants to extinguish a fire of a tenant home


Nobility Ranks

1. Duke
2. Marquess
3. Earl
4. Viscount
5. Baron

These are the very basic ranks.
So much has changed over the centuries. Furthermore, the eldest son of a Duke is a Marquess – the eldest son of a Marquess is an Earl – the eldest son of an Earl is a Viscount. However, the eldest sons of a Viscount and a Baron are called “The Honourable (name)



perlieuPerlieu is a term used of the outlying parts of a place or district. A piece of land on the edge of a forest, originally land that, after having been included in a royal forest, was restored to private ownership, though still subject, in some respects, to the operation of the forest laws. Frequently, the lands managed by nobility had forested regions on their bounderies being called the perlieu.

Piano Nobile

piano_noblie1The piano nobile piano_noblie2(Italian, “noble floor” or “noble level”) is the principal floor of a large house, usually built in one of the styles of classical renaissance architecture. This floor contains the principle reception and bedrooms of the house.



Quizzing Glass

quizzing glasses

A monocle is a type of corrective lens used to correct or enhance the vision in only one eye. It consists of a circular lens, generally with a wire ring around the circumference that can be attached to a string. The other end of the string is then connected to the wearer’s clothing to quizzing glassavoid losing the monocle. The antiquarian Philipp von Stosch wore a monocle in Rome in the 1720s, in order to closely examine engravings and antique engraved gems, but the monocle did not become an article of gentlemen’s apparel until the nineteenth century. It was introduced by the dandy’s quizzing glass of the 1790s, as a sense of high fashion.




In the 18th and 19th centuries, a woman’s small bag or purse, usually in the form of a pouch with a drawstring and made of net, beading, brocade, silk, etc. [ret-i-kyool]


rozzerBritish slang for policeman 1890-1895

Servant Hierachy


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A male admirer or lover








1350-1400’s – To copulate


Sorry, I don’t have the image you might have been hoping for. LOL




British Informal (origin: 1850-1855)
A stylishly dressed, fashionable person, especially one who is or wants to be considered a member of the upper class.





The ton (pronounced tone) is a term commonly used to refer to Britain’s high society during the Georgian era, especially the Regency and reign of George IV. It comes from the French word meaning taste or everything that is fashionable. The full phrase is le bon ton, meaning good manners or in the fashionable mode; characteristics held as ideal by the British ton.



a long shallow basket made of curved strips of wood and used for carrying flowers, fruit, etc


Vail / Vails

1. to take off or doff (one’s hat), as in respect or submission
2. a tip or gratuity (such as to a butler of a house where you were a guest)

War of Arrows 2011

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When Mongols abduct Ja-in on her wedding day, her brother Nam-Yi, still reeling from the tragedy that claimed their father’s life, sets out to find her. Alive with new purpose, the skilled archer takes aim at the invading army in spectacular battle.



ITV Sets Premiere Date For ‘Endeavour’ Season 2

By Patrick Munn – March 19th, 2014 @ 04:24 pm UTC

The second season of ITV’s Morse prequel Endeavour will premiere on Sunday March 30th at 8pm, it has been announced.

Endeavour follows a young detective Endeavour Morse and his partner Detective Inspector Fred Thursday as the investigate various crimes in the 1960′s. The series is produced by Mammoth Screen & Masterpiece and stars Shaun Evans as Morse, Roger Allam as Detective Inspector Fred Thursday, James Bradshaw as Dr Max Debryn and Abigail Thaw as Dorothea Frazil.

“1966 brings Endeavour a fresh quartet of baffling mysteries set to test his brain and body to breaking point”, said writer Russell Lewis. “Though offset by the possibility of love unlooked for, against a backdrop of growing change in Britain and the wider world, Endeavour must face a challenge that threatens to take from him all he holds dear. Family.  Friends. Colleagues. The old order changeth… but not without a fight. To the death.”

TVWise’s UK Premiere Dates page has been updated with this new information.

The Magic of Ordinary Days 2005

One mistake changed the course of her life. One man changed the direction of her heart!  



Set in 1944 Colorado, The Magic of Ordinary Days is the story of a young woman, Livy Dune (Keri Russell), who became pregnant before marriage. Her father, Rev. Dunne, decided to deal with the situation, by arranging a marriage to a shy farmer through another preacher. The groom, Ray Singleton ( Skeet Ulrich), lives on a remote farm and is very different than Livy. Ray focuses on what is close to him: his family, his land, today. Livy thinks on a much grander scale: the world, ancient civilizations, far away places.

Ray’s farm uses the help of Japanese Americans from a nearby Japanese American internment camp to help work the farm. Livy befriends two well-educated Japanese American women who were working the farm, Flora and Rose (Tania Gunadi and Gwendoline Yeo). She finds comfort and familiarity in their friendship. Livy is polite and civil to her new husband and his sister Martha (Mare Winningham), but she harbors feelings for the father of the baby, a World War II soldier, and feelings of guilt for the pregnancy. Ray, however, is caring, patient, and supportive of Livy, but the fact that she does not want him hurts him deeply. Slowly over time, the two come to understand and love each other…[Wikipedia]
Based on a novel by Ann Howard Creel.

37 Days (2014)

This 3 episode story tells the events leading to the first world war.  It has just concluded in the United Kingdom.  We will watch for it to jump the pond…. I hope.  It was an excellent story on BBC Two.

Revealing the complex behind-closed-doors story of the final weeks before the outbreak of World War I.




The Book Thief – DVD Release

DVD Trailer Release March 11

Young Liesel steals books to teach herself to read, giving her refuge from the horrors of Nazi Germany and her cold foster parents. When not reading, she forms a bond with the Jewish man her adoptive family is hiding in their home.

Geoffrey Rush, Emily Watson, Sophie Nélisse, Ben Schnetzer, Nico Liersch, Barbara Auer, Levin Liam, Rainer Bock, Carina N. Wiese, Roger Allam